Australia: the healthiest country by 2020
National Preventative Health Strategy – the roadmap for action

References

|TOC|next page

Table of contents
  1. Jamrozik K and Le M. Tobacco’s uncounted victims. Medical Journal of Australia. 2001;174:490–1. Available from: http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/contents174.html#21may
  2. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2007 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: detailed findings. Drug statistics series no. 22. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2008. Available from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10674
  3. Begg S, Vos T, Barker B, Stevenson C, Stanley L and Lopez A. The burden of disease and injury in Australia 2003. PHE 82. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2007. Available from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10317
  4. Begg S, Vos T, Barker B, Stanley L and Lopez A. Burden of disease and injury in Australia in the new millenium: measuring health loss from diseases, injuries and risk factors. eMJA. 2008;188:36-40. Available from: http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/188_01_070108/beg10596_fm.html
  5. White V and Hayman J. Smoking behaviours of Australian secondary students in 2005. Canberra: Drug Strategy Branch, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 2006. Available from: http://www.nationaldrugstrategy.gov.au/internet/drugstrategy/publishing.nsf/Content/mono59
  6. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4722.0.55.004--Tobacco Smoking-- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: A snapshot, 2004-05 Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2007, Last modified5 July 2007[viewed January 2008]. Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/productsbyCatalogue/D030A9BD9BF14B08CA25730E0021BCE1?OpenDocument
  7. Wills R and Coory M. Effect of smoking among Indigenous and non-Indigenous mothers on preterm birth and full-term low birthweight. Medical Journal of Australia. 2008;189:490–4. Available from: http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/189_09_031108/wil10215_fm.pdf
  8. Vos T, Barker B, Stanley L and Lopez A. The burden of disease and injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2003. Brisbane: School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, 2007. Available from: http://www.uq.edu.au/bodce/index.html?page=68411
  9. Scollo M. Chapter 9. Smoking and social disadvantage. in Scollo, M, and Winstanley, M, Editor, in Tobacco in Australia: Facts and Issues, Melbourne: Cancer Council Victoria, 2008. Available from: www.TobaccoInAustralia.org.au
  10. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4326.0 Mental health and well-being: profile of adults: Summary of results 2007. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008. Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/allprimarymainfeatures/3F8A5DFCBECAD9C0CA2568A900139380?opendocument
  11. Butler T and Papanastasiou C. National Prison Entrants’ Bloodborne Virus and Risk Behaviour Survey 2004 & 2007. ISBN: 1 74067 582 7. Perth and Sydney: National Drug Research Institute (Curtin University) & National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research (University of New South Wales). 2008.
  12. Baker A, Ivers R, Bowman J, Butler T, Kay-Lambkin F, Wye P, et al. Where there’s smoke, there’s fire: high prevalence of smoking among some sub-populations and recommendations for intervention. Drug and Alcohol Review. 2006;25:85-96. Available from: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a741424195~db=all~order=page
  13. Collins D and Lapsley H. The costs of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug abuse to Australian society in 2004/05. P3 2625. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, 2008. Available from: http://www.nationaldrugstrategy.gov.au/internet/drugstrategy/publishing.nsf/Content/mono64/$File/mono64.pdf
  14. Carter SM. New frontier, new power: the retail environment in Australia’s dark market. Tobacco Control. 2003;12:95iii-101. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/12/suppl_3/iii95
  15. Carter SM. Going below the line: creating transportable brands for Australia’s dark market. Tobacco Control. 2003;12:87iii-94. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/12/suppl_3/iii87
  16. Winstanley M and White V. Chapter 10. The tobacco industry in Austrlaian society. in Scollo, M, and Winstanley, M, Editor, in Tobacco in Australia: Facts and Issues, Melbourne: Quit Victoria, 2008. Available from: http://www.tobaccoinaustralia.org.au/chapter-10-tobacco-industry
  17. Gartner CE, Barendregt JJ and Hall WD. Predicting the future prevalence of cigarette smoking in Australia: how low can we go and by when? Tob Control. 2009:tc.2008.027615. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/tc.2008.027615v1
  18. Hyland A, Borland R, Li Q, Yong H, McNeill A and Fong G. Individual-level predictors of cessation behaviours among participants in the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey. Tobacco Control. 2006;15:iii83-iii94. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/suppl_3/iii83
  19. Farkas A, Distefan J, Choi W, Gilpin E and Pierce J. Does parental smoking cessation discourage adolescent smoking? Preventive Medicine. 1999;28:213-8.
    Top of page
  20. Paul SL, Blizzard L, Patton GC, Dwyer T and Venn A. Parental smoking and smoking experimentation in childhood increase the risk of being a smoker 20 years later: the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health Study. Addiction. 2008;103:846-53. Available from: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02196.x
  21. Eisenberg ME, Neumark-Sztainer D, Fulkerson JA and Story M. Family meals and substance use: Is there a long-term protective association? . Journal of Adolescent Health. 2008;43:151 – 6. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6T80-4S8626R-3-1&_cdi=5072&_user=10&_orig=browse&_coverDate=08%2F31%2F2008&_sk=999569997&view=c&wchp=dGLzVlz-zSkzV&md5=1dc9bc290addd0864c2d335f59733c55&ie=/sdarticle.pdf
  22. Schnohr C, Kreiner S, Rasmussen M, due P and Diderichsen F. School-related mediators in social inequalities in smoking: a comparative cross-sectional study of 20,399 adolescents. International Journal for Equity in Health. 2009;8 Available from: http://www.equityhealthj.com/content/8/1/17
  23. Hurley S, Spittal M, Scollo M, Durkin S and Wakefield M. Predicted impact of proposed tobacco control strategies. Melbourne: Cancer Council Victoria, 2009.
  24. Winstanley M, White V and McCarthy M. Chapter 1. Trends in the prevalence of smoking (update no.1). in Scollo, M, and Winstanley, M, Editor, in Tobacco in Australia: Facts and Issues, Melbourne: Quit Victoria, 2009 in press. Available from: www.TobaccoInAustralia.org.au
  25. Commonwealth of Australia, the State of New South Wales, the State of Victoria, the state of Queensland, the state of Western Australia, the state of South Australia, et al. National Partnership Agreement on Preventive Health, 2009. Council of Australian Governments.
  26. Rudd K, Macklin J and Roxon N. Rudd government tackles Indigenous smoking rates and health workforce in next down payments on closing the gap: Media Statement – 20th March 2008. Canberra: 2008, [viewed. Available from: http://www.alp.org.au/media/0308/msheagiapm200.php
  27. World Bank. Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control. Washington: World Bank, 1999. Available from: http://www1.worldbank.org/tobacco/
  28. World Health Organization. Tools for Advancing Tobacco Control in the XX1st century: Policy recommendations for smoking cessation and treatment of tobacco dependence. Tools for public health. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2003. Available from: http://www.wpro.who.int/NR/rdonlyres/8D25E4D3-BB81-479E-8DF5-7BAF674DB104/0/PolicyRecommendations.pdf
  29. World Health Organization. MPOWER: A policy package to reverse the tobacco epidemic. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2008, [viewed. Available from: http://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/mpower_english.pdf
  30. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs—2007. Atlanta: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2007. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/tobacco_control_programs/stateandcommunity/best_practices/
  31. World Health Organization. Policy recommendations for smoking cessation and treatment of tobacco dependence – advancing tobacco control in the 21st century. March. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2004. Available from: http://www.wpro.who.int/NR/rdonlyres/8D25E4D3-BB81-479E-8DF5-7BAF674DB104/0/PolicyRecommendations.pdf
  32. Fiore MC, Jaén M, Carlos Roberto, Baker TB, Bailey WC, Benowitz NL, Curry SJ, et al. Treating tobacco use and dependence. Clinical Practice Guidelines. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, 2008. Available from: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/tobacco/treating_tobacco_use08.pdf
  33. Schaap M and Kunst A. Monitoring of socio-economic inequalities in smoking: learning from the experiences of recent scientific studies. Public Health. 2009;Epub ahead of print Available from: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19147163
  34. Schaap MM, Kunst AE, Leinsalu M, Regidor E, Ekholm O, Dzurova D, et al. Effect of nationwide tobacco control policies on smoking cessation in high and low educated groups in 18 European countries. Tobacco Control. 2008;17:248–55. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/17/4/248
  35. World Health Organization. Closing the Gap in a Generation. Geneva, 2008. Available from: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2008/WHO_IER_CSDH_08.1_eng.pdf
  36. D’Onise K, McDermott R and Lynch J. Does attendance at preschool affect adult health? . Royal Australian College of Physicians Annual Conference. Sydney, 2009.
  37. Schnohr C, Kreiner S, Rasmussen M, Due P and Diderichsen F. School-related mediators in social inequalities in smoking: a comparative cross-sectional study of 20,399 adolescents. International Journal for Equity in Health 2009;8:17. Available from: http://www.equityhealthj.com/content/pdf/1475-9276-8-17.pdf
  38. Ministerial Council on Drug Strategy. Australian National Tobacco Strategy 2004-2009. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, 2005. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/phd-pub-tobacco-tobccstrat2-cnt.htm
  39. US Department of Health and Human Services. Reducing tobacco use. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2000. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/index.htm
    Top of page
  40. Wakefield M, Durkin S, Spittal M, Siahpush M, Scollo M, Simpson J, et al. Impact of tobacco control policies and mass media campaigns on monthly adult smoking prevalence: time series analysis. American Journal of Public Health. 2008;98:1443-50,. Available from: http://www.ajph.org/cgi/content/abstract/98/8/1443
  41. Siahpush M, Wakefield M, Spittal M, Durkin S and Scollo M. Taxation reduces social disparities in adult smoking prevalence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2009;36:285-91. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19201146?ordinalpos=19&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVBrief
  42. Vangeli E and West R. Sociodemographic differences in triggers to quit smoking: Findings from a national survey. Tobacco Control. 2008;[Epub ahead of print] Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/rapidpdf/tc.2008.025650v1
  43. Gallet C and List J. Cigarette demand: a meta-analysis of elasticities. Health Economics. 2003;12:821–35. Available from: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/101520325/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0
  44. Scollo M, Younie S, Wakefield M, Freeman J and Icasiano F. Impact of tobacco tax reforms on tobacco prices and tobacco use in Australia. Tobacco Control. 2003;12:ii59–66. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/12/suppl_2/ii59
  45. Farrelly M and Engelen M. Cigarette prices, smoking, and the poor, revisited. American Journal of Public Health 2008;98:582–3. Available from: http://www.ajph.org/cgi/content/full/98/4/582-a
  46. Thomas S, Fayter D, Misso K, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, Sowden A, et al. Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking: systematic review. Tobacco Control. 2008;17:230–7. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/17/4/230
  47. Economist Intelligence Unit. Tobacco prices, cigarettes medium level stores EIU City data. 2007, Last modifiedJanuary 2008[viewed June 2008]. Available from: http://store.eiu.com/product/130000213.html?ref=Products
  48. Scollo M. Chapter 13. The pricing and taxation of tobacco products in Australia. in Scollo, M, and Winstanley, M, Editor, in Tobacco in Australia: Facts and Issues, Melbourne: Cancer Council Victoria, 2008. Available from: www.TobaccoInAustralia.org.au
  49. Siahpush M, Yong H, Borland R, Reid J and Hammond D. Smokers with financial stress are more likely to want to quit but less likely to try or succeed: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey. Addiction. 2009;[Epub ahead of print] Available from: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/user/accessdenied?ID=122382480&Act=2138&Code=4719&Page=/cgi-bin/fulltext/122382480/HTMLSTART
  50. Pierce JP, Gilmer TP, Lee L, Gilpin EA, de Beyer J and Messer K. Tobacco industry price-subsidizing promotions may overcome the downward pressure of higher prices on initiation of regular smoking. Health Economics. 2005;14:1061-1071. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hec.990
  51. Scollo M, Freeman J and Wakefield M. Ch 7. Early evidence of impact of recent reforms to tobacco taxes on tobacco prices and tobacco use in Australia. in National Tobacco Campaign Evaluation Vol III, Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 2004. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/Publishing.nsf/Content/88ED1349FD03EB05CA257331000C3A17/$File/tobccamp3-7.pdf
  52. Hyland A, Laux FL, Higbee C, Hastings G, Ross H, Chaloupka FJ, et al. Cigarette purchase patterns in four countries and the relationship with cessation: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey. Tob Control. 2006;15:iii59-64. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/suppl_3/iii59
  53. The Auditor-General. Administration of Petroleum and Tobacco Excise Collections: A Follow-up Audit, 33 2005-06 Performance Audit. Canberra: Australian National Audit Office, 2006. Available from: http://www.anao.gov.au/director/publications/auditreports/2005-2006.cfm?item_id=1EB393419FB39C1B5F3F8574CAD4AB76
  54. The Auditor-General. Performance Audit Administration of Tobacco Excise. Audit Report No.55 2001–02. Canberra: Australian National Audit Office, 2002. Available from: http://www.anao.gov.au/director/publications/auditreports/2001-2002.cfm?pageNumber=2
  55. Intergovernmental Negotiating Body on a Protocol on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products Conference of the Parties to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Chairperson’s text for a protocol on illicit trade in tobacco products, 2008. World Health Organization. Available from: http://www.who.int/gb/fctc/PDF/it2/FCTC_COP_INB_IT2_3-en.pdf
  56. World Health Organization. Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2003, Last modified2005[viewed October 2006]. Available from: http://www.who.int/tobacco/framework/WHO_FCTC_english.pdf
  57. Pierce J, Dwyer T, Frape G, Chapman S, Chamberlain A and Burke N. Evaluation of the Sydney “Quit For Life” anti-smoking campaign. Part 1. Achievement of intermediate goals. Med J Aust. 1986;144
  58. Pierce J, Macaskill A and Hill D. Long-term effectiveness of mass media led antismoking campaigns in Australia. Amercain Journal of Public Health. 1990;80:565-569.
  59. Sowden AJ and Arblaster L. Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people. The Cochrane Library, Issue 2 Oxford: Update Software., 2002, [viewed. Available from: http://www.updateusa.com/clibpw/clib.htm
    Top of page
  60. Bala M, Strzeszynski L and Cahill K. Mass media interventions for smoking cessation in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008 Art. No.: CD004704. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004704.pub2London: John Wiley Publishing Ltd, 2008, Last modified23 January 2008[viewed April 2008]. Available from: http://www.cochrane.org/reviews/en/ab004704.html
  61. National Cancer Institute. The Role of the Media. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 19. Bethesda, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, 2008. Available from: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/monographs/19/index.html
  62. National Cancer Institute. Part 4-Tobacco control and media interventions. in The Role of the Media. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 19, Bethesda, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, 2008. Available from: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/monographs/19/index.html
  63. Farrelly MC, Pechacek TF, Thomas KY and Nelson D. The impact of tobacco control programs on adult smoking. Am J Public Health. 2008:AJPH.2006.106377. Available from: http://www.ajph.org/cgi/content/abstract/AJPH.2006.106377v1
  64. Ciecierski C, Chatterji P, Chaloupka F and Weschler H. Do state expenditures on tobacco control programs decrease use of tobacco products among college students? Cambridge, Massachusetts: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2006. Available from: http://www.nber.org/papers/w12532
  65. Mitchell’s Media Buying Agency, Melbourne: Rough ballpark costings of cost of achieving 400 and 700 TARPs per months in all media markets in Australia. Spreadsheet provided to Fiona Sharkie Director Quit Victoria, 2008.
  66. Nielsen Media Research. Australia’s Top Advertisers. Ad News. 2008;21 March:32-42.
  67. Siahpush M and Borland R. Trends in sociodemographic variations in smoking prevalence, 1997-2000. in Australia's National Tobacco Campaign: Evaluation Report, Volume Three, Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, 2002. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/Publishing.nsf/Content/88ED1349FD03EB05CA257331000C3A17/$File/tobccamp3.pdf
  68. Macaskill P, Pierce JP, Simpson JM and Lyle DM. Mass media-led antismoking campaign can remove the education gap in quitting behavior. Am J Public Health. 1992;82:96-98. Available from: http://www.ajph.org/cgi/content/abstract/82/1/96
  69. Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer. Quit evaluation studies. Melbourne: Victorian Smoking and Health Program, 1986 to 2001. Available from: http://www.quit.org.au/browse.asp?ContainerID=1755
  70. White VM, Hayman J and Hill DJ. Can population-based tobacco-control policies change smoking behaviors of adolescents from all socio-economic groups? Findings from Australia: 1987–2005 Cancer Causes and Control. 2008;Published on line
  71. Niederdeppe J, Kuang X, Crock B and Skelton A. Media campaigns to promote smoking cessation among socioeconomically disadvantaged populations: What do we know, what do we need to learn, and what should we do now? Social Science & Medicine. 2008;67:1343-55. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6VBF-4T5D9NP-1-1&_cdi=5925&_user=10&_orig=search&_coverDate=08%2F07%2F2008&_sk=999999999&view=c&wchp=dGLbVlb-zSkzV&md5=8cdeb71572e67421c4f6bde6f18f9e99&ie=/sdarticle.pdf
  72. Durkin S, Biener L and Wakefield M. A prospective study of degree and type of mass media campaign exposure on smoking cessation among socioeconomic subgroups. American Journal of Public Health submitted, under review
  73. Viswanath K and Finnegan J. The knowledge-gap hypothesis: Twenty-five years later. in Buleson, B, Editor, in Communication yearbook 19, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1996.
  74. Viswanath K, Breen N, Meissner H, Moser RP, Hesse B, Steele WR, et al. Cancer knowledge and disparities in the Information Age. Journal of Health Communication. 2006;11:1-17.
  75. Viswanath K and Emmons KM. Message effects and social determinants of health: its application to cancer disparities. Journal of Communication. 2006;56:s238-64.
  76. Doll R, Peto R, Boreham J and Sutherland I. Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years' observations on male British doctors. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 2004;328:1519. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/328/7455/1519
  77. DiFranza J, Rigotti N, McNeill A, Ockene J, Savageau J, Cyr D, et al. Initial symptoms of nicotine dependence in adolescents. Tobacco Control. 2000;9:313–9. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/9/3/313
  78. Difranza J, Ursprung W and Carson A. New insights into the compulsion to use tobacco from an adolescent case-series. Journal of Adolescence. 2009;[Epub ahead of print] Available from: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19406464
  79. DiFranza JR, Riggs N and Pentz MA. Time to re-examine old definitions of nicotine dependence. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2008;10:1109 – 11. Available from: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a794496459~db=all~order=page
    Top of page
  80. Malarcher A, Jones S, Morris E, Kann L and Buckley R. High school students who tried to quit smoking cigarettes--United States, 2007. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2009;58:428–31. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5816.pdf
  81. National Heart Foundation, Cancer Council Australia and Public Health Association of Australia and Action on Smoking and Health. Newspoll survey, November. 2008.
  82. National Cancer Institute. Chapter 2. Theoretical underpinnings of media research in tobacco control and tobacco promotion. in The Role of the Media. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 19, Bethesda, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, 2008. Available from: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/monographs/19/index.html
  83. National Cancer Institute. Part 2-Tobacco marketing. in The Role of the Media. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 19, Bethesda, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, 2008. Available from: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/monographs/19/index.html
  84. Freeman B and Chapman S. Gone viral? Heard the buzz? A guide for public health practitioners and researchers on how Web 2.0 can subvert advertising restrictions and spread health information. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2008;62: 778–82. Available from: http://jech.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/62/9/778
  85. The Cancer Council Australia. Review of the Tobacco Advertising Prohibition Act: submission on behalf of Australian health organisations. Sydney: VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, 2003.
  86. Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing. Tobacco Advertising Prohibition Act 1992 Issues Paper. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing, 2003, [viewed. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/pubhlth/strateg/drugs/tobacco/consult/index.htm
  87. Conference of the Parties to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Elaboration of guidelines for implementation of Articles 9 and 10 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Progress report of the working group. Provisional agenda item 4.3 FCTC/COP/3/6. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2008. Available from: http://www.who.int/gb/fctc/PDF/cop3/FCTC_COP3_6-en.pdf
  88. Wakefield M, Germain D, Durkin S and Henriksen L. An experimental study of effects on schoolchildren of exposure to point-of-sale cigarette advertising and pack displays. Health Educ. Res. 2006;21:338-47. Available from: http://her.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/21/3/338
  89. Wakefield M and Germain D. Adult smokers use of point of sale displays to select cigarette brands. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 2006;30:483–4. Available from: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118731486/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0
  90. Scheffels J. A difference that makes a difference: young adult smokers’ accounts of cigarette brands and package design. Tob Control. 2008;17:118-122. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/17/2/118
  91. Wakefield M, Morley C, Horan JK and Cummings KM. The cigarette pack as image: new evidence from tobacco industry documents. Tobacco Control. 2002;11:i73-80. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/11/suppl_1/i73
  92. Freeman B, Chapman S and Rimmer M. Review: The case for the plain packaging of tobacco products. Sydney: University of Sydney, 2007. Available from: http://tobacco.health.usyd.edu.au/site/futuretc/pdfs/generic.pdf
  93. Etzel E. Consumer research proposal: Camel Filter revised packaging Test Study. Bates No. 500566627-32. RJ Reynolds, 1979.
  94. 94. Isaacs J. Identified HTI test of Marlboro Ultra Lights in a blue pack vs. Marlboro Ultra Lights in a red pack. Bates No. 2047387079-89. Philip Morris, U.S.A, 1981.
  95. Wakefield M, Germain D and Durkin S. How does increasingly plainer cigarette packaging influence adult smokers’ perceptions about brand image? An experimental study. Tobacco Control. 2008;on line pre-publication
  96. Beede P and Lawson R. The effect of plain packages on the perception of cigarette health warnings. Public Health. 1992;106:315-322.
  97. Goldberg M, Liefeld J, Madil J and Vredenburg H. The effect of plain packaging on response to health warnings. American Journal of Public Health. 1999;89:1434-1435.
  98. Strahan EJ, White K, Fong GT, Fabrigar LR, Zanna MP and Cameron R. Enhancing the effectiveness of tobacco package warning labels: a social psychological perspective. Tobacco Control. 2002;11:183-190. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/11/3/183
  99. Conference of the Parties to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. DRAFT Elaboration of guidelines for implementation of Article 13 of the Convention, 2008. World Health Organization. Available from: http://www.who.int/gb/fctc/PDF/cop3/FCTC_COP3_9-en.pdf
    Top of page
  100. Anon. Imperial tobacco stock drops over concern U.K. may ban cigarette logos. Bloomberg 2008.02 June: Available from: http://tinyurl.com/6xnmyg
  101. Wakefield M and Letcher T. My pack is cuter than your pack. Tobacco Control. 2002;11:154-6. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/11/2/154
  102. Morgan Stanley Research Europe. Tobacco: Late to the Party. London: Morgan Stanley Research, 2007.
  103. US Department of Health and Human Services. The health consequences of involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke : a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta Ga: US Dept. of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2006. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/sgr_2006/index.htm
  104. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment OEHHA CARBA. Health effects of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke: Final Report, approved at the Panel’s June 24, 2005 meeting. Sacramento: California Environmental Protection Agency Cal/EPA, 2005, [viewed. Available from: http://www.oehha.ca.gov/air/environmental_tobacco/2005etsfinal.html
  105. US Department of Health and Human Services. The health consequences of involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke: a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, Ga: US Dept. of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2006. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/sgr_2006/index.htm
  106. Pierce JP and León ME. The Effectiveness of Smoke-free Policies – An IARC Review of Actions to reduce exposure to carcinogens in Secondhand Smoke. Lancet Oncology. 2008;accepted for publication
  107. Scollo M, Lal A, Hyland A and Glantz S. A review of the quality of studies on the economic effects of smoke-free policies on the hospitality industry. Tobacco Control. 2003;12:13-20. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/reprint/12/1/13
  108. Schnohr CW, Kreiner S, Rasmussen M, Due P, Currie C and Diderichsen F. The role of national policies intended to regulate adolescent smoking in explaining the prevalence of daily smoking: a study of adolescents from 27 European countries. Addiction. 2008;103:824-31. Available from: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02161.x
  109. Glantz S. Meta-analysis of the effects of smokefree laws on acute myocardial infarction: an update. Preventive Medicine. 2008;Epub ahead of print Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WPG-4SSND22-1&_user=10&_coverDate=06%2F18%2F2008&_rdoc=10&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%236990%239999%23999999999%2399999%23FLA%23display%23Articles)&_cdi=6990&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=58&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=4cea0d943132392585be2c8df1065769
  110. Cesaroni G, Forastiere F, Agabiti N, Valente P, Zuccaro P and Perucci CA. Effect of the Italian smoking ban on population rates of acute coronary events Circulation. 2008;117:1183–8. Available from: http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.729889v1
  111. Pell JP, Haw S, Cobbe S, Newby DE, Pell AC, Fischbacher C, et al. Smoke-free legislation and hospitalizations for acute coronary syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 2008;359:482–91. Available from: http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/359/5/482
  112. Sargent R, Shepard R and Glantz S. Reduced incidence of admissions for myocardial infarction associated with public smoking ban: Before and after study. Br Med J. 2004;328:977-980. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15066887
  113. Vardavas CI, Linardakis M and Kafatos AG. Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in motor vehicles: a preliminary study. Tob Control. 2006;15:415-. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com
  114. Edwards R, Wilson N and Pierse N. Highly hazardous air quality associated with smoking in cars: New Zealand pilot study. New Zealand Medical Journal 2006;119:1244.
  115. Rees VW and Connolly GN. Measuring air quality to protect children from secondhand smoke in cars American Journal of Preventative Medicine. 2006;31:363-8.
  116. Ott W, Klepeis N and Switzer P. Air change rates of motor vehicles and in-vehicle pollutant concentrations from secondhand smoke. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 2008;18:312–25. Available from: http://www.nature.com/jes/journal/v18/n3/abs/7500601a.html
  117. Martin J, George R, Andrews K, Barr P, Bicknell D, Insull E, et al. Observed smoking in cars: a method and differences by socioeconomic area. Tob Control. 2006;15:409-411. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/5/409
  118. Cooper J and Borland R, Melbourne: Knowledge Building Team, The Cancer Council Victoria. Responses to fifth wave of the International Tobacco Control Four-country Survey, by educational attainment and income adjusted for household size, unpublished data. Data file provided to Michelle Scollo of the Tobacco Control Unit, 2008.
  119. SouthWest Sydney Area Health Service of NSW Health. Air quality outdoor in NSW pubs. Sydney: ASH Australia, 2008, [viewed. Available from: http://www.ashaust.org.au/SF’03/releases/080815.htm
    Top of page
  120. Couvrette P. Tenant and landlord in court over right to smoke in home. CanWest News Service 2007 November 27, 2007 Available from: http://www.canada.com/index2.html
  121. Munro C. Neighbours see off smokers in tribunal. Sydney Morning Herald, 2007,
  122. Ontario Tobacco-free Network. Ontario majority wants smoke-free apartments. 2007. Available from: http://www.theotn.org/PDF/FINAL%20News%20release%20MUDs.pdf
  123. Bazar E. Public housing kicks smoking habit USA Today, 2007,
  124. Elliot and Shanahan Research. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Graphic Health Warnings on Tobacco Product Packaging 2008. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, 2009. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/health-pubhlth-strateg-drugs-tobacco-warnings.htm
  125. Gray N. Regulation of consumer products: the bizarre case of strawberry jam and cigarettes. Respirology. 2008;13:761–3. Available from: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/user/accessdenied?ID=121393115&Act=2138&Code=4719&Page=/cgi-bin/fulltext/121393115/HTMLSTART
  126. US Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation. A report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 1990. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/previous_sgr.htm
  127. Stead LF, Bergson G and Lancaster T. Physician advice for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008 (2): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000165.pub3 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD000165/frame.html
  128. Carr AB and Ebbert JO. Interventions for tobacco cessation in the dental setting. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006(1): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005084.pub2 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD005084/frame.html
  129. Rice VH and Stead LF. Nursing interventions for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008(1): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001188.pub3 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD001188/frame.html
  130. Rigotti NA, Munafo MR and Stead LF. Interventions for smoking cessation in hospitalised patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007(3): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001837.pub2 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD001837/frame.html
  131. Russell M, Wilson C, Taylor C and Baker C. Effect of general practitioners’ advice against smoking. British Medical Journal. 1979;2:231–5. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1595592&blobtype=pdf
  132. Zwar N, Richmond R, Borland R, Stillman S and Cunningham M. Smoking cessation guidelines for Australian general practice. Australian Family Physician. 2005;34:461–4. Available from: http://www.racgp.org.au/afp/200506/4897
  133. Zwar N, Richmond R, Borland R, Stillman S, Cunninghan M and Litt J. Smoking Cessation Guidelines for Australian General Practice: Practice Handbook. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, 2004, [viewed. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/6F8B2F83E439599BCA256F1900045114/$File/smoking_cessation.pdf
  134. Stead LF, Perera R, Bullen C, Mant D and Lancaster T. Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008(1): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000146.pub3 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD000146/frame.html
  135. Hughes JR, Stead LF and Lancaster T. Antidepressants for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007(1): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000031.pub3 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD000031/frame.html
  136. Lancaster T and Stead LF. Mecamylamine (a nicotine antagonist) for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1998(2): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.cd001009 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD001009/frame.html
  137. Hughes JR, Stead LF and Lancaster T. Anxiolytics for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2000(4): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.cd002849 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD002849/frame.html
  138. David S, Lancaster T, Stead LF and Evins AE. Opioid antagonists for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006(4): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003086.pub2 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD003086/frame.html
  139. Cahill K and Ussher M. Cannabinoid type 1 receptor antagonists (rimonabant) for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007(4): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005353.pub3 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD005353/frame.html
    Top of page
  140. Cahill K, Stead LF and Lancaster T. Nicotine receptor partial agonists for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007(1): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006103.pub2 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD006103/frame.html
  141. Lancaster T and Stead LF. Individual behavioural counselling for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005(2): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001292.pub2 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD001292/frame.html
  142. Stead LF, Perera R and Lancaster T. Telephone counselling for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006(3): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002850.pub2 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD002850/frame.html
  143. Stead LF and Lancaster T. Group behaviour therapy programmes for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005(2): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001007.pub2 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD001007/frame.html
  144. Lancaster T and Stead LF. Self-help interventions for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005(3): DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001118.pub2 Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD001118/frame.html
  145. Borland R, Balmford J and Hunt D. The effectiveness of personally tailored computer-generated advice letters for smoking cessation. Addiction. 2004;99:369-77. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=14982550
  146. Brendryen H and Kraft P. Happy Ending: a randomized controlled trial of a digital multi-media smoking cessation intervention. 2008;103:478-84. Available from: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.02119.x
  147. Lancaster T, Stead LF, Cahill K, R. W, Aveyard PN and R. HJ. Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group. 2008(2008 Issue 2): Available from: http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clabout/articles/TOBACCO/frame.html
  148. Stead LF, Perera R and Lancaster T. A systematic review of interventions for smokers who contact quitlines. Tob Control. 2007;16:i3-8. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/16/Suppl_1/i3
  149. Fiore MC and Jaén CR. A Clinical Blueprint to Accelerate the Elimination of Tobacco Use. Jounral of the American Medical Association. 2008;299:2083-5. Available from: http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/299/17/2083
  150. Fiore MC, Jaén M, Carlos Roberto, Baker TB, Bailey WC, Benowitz NL, Curry SJ, et al. Treating tobacco use and dependence. Clinical Practice Guidelines. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, 2006. Available from: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/tobacco/treating_tobacco_use08.pdf
  151. Freund MAG, Campbell EM, Paul CL, Wiggers JH, Knight JJ and Mitchell EN. Provision of smoking care in NSW hospitals: Opportunities for further enhancement. New South Wales Public Health Bulletin. 2008;19:50–5. Available from: http://www.publish.csiro.au/index.cfm?paper=NB07102
  152. Carroll T and Rock B. Generating Quitline calls during Australia’s National Tobacco Campaign: effects of television advertisement execution and programme placement. Tobacco Control. 2003;12:ii40-44. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/12/suppl_2/ii40
  153. Wilson N, Grigg M, Graham L and Cameron G. The effectiveness of television advertising campaigns on generating calls to a national Quitline by Maori. Tob Control. 2005;14:284-286. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/14/4/284
  154. Urbis Keys Young, Borland R and Quay Connection. Barriers to access of smoking cessation programs, nicotine replacement therapy and other pharmacotherapies. 2002.
  155. West R, McNeill A and Raw M. Smoking cessation guidelines for health professionals: an update. Thorax. 2000;55
  156. Fiore M, Bailey W and Cohen S, et al. Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence. Clinical Practice Guideline. Rockville MD: US Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service., 2000. Available from: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/tobacco/
  157. NZ Ministry of Health. NZ Smoking Cessation Guidelines. Wellington. Wellington: Ministry of Health, 2007. Available from: http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/indexmh/nz-smoking-cessation-guidelines
  158. Zwar N, Richmond R, Borland R, Stillman S and Cunningham M. Smoking cessation guidelines for Australian general practice. Australian Family Physician. 2005;34:461-464.
  159. Borland R and Segan C. The potential of quitlines to increase smoking cessation. Drug and Alcohol Review. 2006;25:73-78.
    Top of page
  160. Young J, Girgis S, Bruce T, Hobbs M and Ward J. Acceptability and effectiveness of opportunistic referral of smokers to telephone cessation advice from a nurse: a randomised trial in Australian general practice. BMC Family Practice. 2008;9 16. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2296-9-16.pdf
  161. Murray RL, Coleman T, Antoniak M, Stocks J, Fergus A, Britton J, et al. The effect of proactively identifying smokers and offering smoking cessation support in primary care populations: a cluster-randomized trial Addiction 2008;103:998–1006.
  162. Borland R, Balmford J, Bishop N, Segan C, Piterman L, McKay-Brown L, et al. In-practice management versus quitline referral for enhancing smoking cessation in general practice: a cluster randomized trial. Family practice. 2008; [Epub ahead of print] Available from: http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/cmn046v1
  163. Gordon JS, Andrews JA, Crews KM, Payne TJ and Severson HH. The 5A’s vs 3A’s plus proactive quitline referral in private practice dental offices: preliminary results. Tob Control. 2007;16:285-288. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/16/4/285
  164. Perry R, Keller P, Fraser D and Fiore M. Fax to quit: a model dlievery of tobacco cessation services to Wisconsin residents. WMJ. 2005;104:37-44.
  165. Gibson J, McNeill A, Murray R, Hammond D, Fong GT, Borland R, et al. International differences in use and effectiveness of smoking cessation support: findings from the four country survey.Joint Conference of SRNT and SRNT-Europe. Dublin, 2009. Available from: http://www.srnt.org/meeting/2009/pdf/2009_Poster_Sessions.pdf
  166. Tauras J and Chaloupka F. The demand for nicotine replacement therapies. Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 2003;5:237-243. Available from: http://www.informaworld.com/10.1080/1462220031000073306
  167. Reda A, Kaper J, Fikrelter H, Severens J and C vS. Healthcare financing systems for increasing the use of tobacco dependence treatment. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2009;15:CD004305 Available from: http://mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD004305/pdf_fs.html
  168. Joyce G. The effectiveness of covering smoking cessation services for Medicare beneficiaries. Health Services Research. 2008;epubs
  169. Dunn K, Sigmon S, Thomas C, Heil S and Higgins S. Voucher-based contingent reinforcement of smoking abstinence among methadone-maintained patients: a pilot study. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 2008;41:527–38. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19192857
  170. Long JA, Helweg-Larsen M and Volpp KG. Patient Opinions Regarding ‘Pay for Performance for Patients’ Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2008;23:1647-52. Available from: http://www.springerlink.com/content/7301103761878621/?p=033afafc2b9a48419d529233d3edf0a9&pi=16
  171. Volpp K, Troxel A, Pauly M, Glick H, Puig A, Asch D, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of financial incentives for smoking cessation. New England Journal of Medicine. 2009;360:699–709. Available from: http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/360/7/699
  172. NZ Ministry of Health. Health behaviours and risk factors. in A Portrait of Health – Key results of the New Zealand Health Survey, Wellington: Ministry of Health New Zealand, 2008. Available from: http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/pagesmh/7440/$File/second-hand-smoke-and-tobacco-use-nz-health-survey-jun08.pdf
  173. Kotz D and West R. Explaining the social gradient in smoking cessation: it’s not in the trying, but in the succeeding. Tobacco Control. 2009;18:43-6. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/18/1/43
  174. Coghlan R, Lawrence D, Holman D and Jablensky A. Duty of Care, Physical Illness in People with Mental Illness. Perth: Dept of Public Health and Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioural Science, University of Western Australia, 2001.
  175. Williams J and Ziedonis D. Addressing tobacco among individuals with a mental illness or an addiction. Addictive Behaviors. 2004;29:1067–83. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VC9-4C82B3T-9&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=8095f68eba25b9b133e7794633a4511f
  176. Fagerstrom K and Aubin HJ. Management of smoking cessation in patients with psychiatric disorders. Current Medical Research and Opinion. 2009;25:511–8. Available from: http://www.informapharmascience.com/doi/abs/10.1185/03007990802707568
  177. Diaz FJ, James D, Botts S, Maw L, Susce MT and de Leon J. Tobacco smoking behaviors in bipolar disorder: a comparison of the general population, schizophrenia, and major depression. Bipolar Disorders. 2009;11:154–65. Available from: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/user/accessdenied?ID=122218275&Act=2138&Code=4719&Page=/cgi-bin/fulltext/122218275/HTMLSTART
  178. de Leon J and Diaz FJ. A meta-analysis of worldwide studies demonstrates an association between schizophrenia and tobacco smoking behaviors. Schizophrenia Research. 2005;76:135–57. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/utils/fref.fcgi?PrId=3048&itool=AbstractPlus-def&uid=15949648&db=pubmed&url=http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0920-9964(05)00075-7
  179. Patton G, Carlin J, Coffey C, Wolfe R, Hibbert M and Bowes G. Depression, anxiety, and smoking initiation: a prospective study over 3 years. American Journal of Public Health. 1998;88:1518–22. Available from: http://www.ajph.org/cgi/reprint/88/10/1518
    Top of page
  180. Karp I, O’Loughlin J, Hanley J, Tyndale RF and Paradis G. Risk factors for tobacco dependence in adolescent smokers. Tobacco Control. 2006;15:199–204. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/3/199
  181. Leventhal AM, Kahler CW, Ray LA and Zimmerman M. Refining the depression-nicotine dependence link: Patterns of depressive symptoms in psychiatric outpatients with current, past, and no history of nicotine dependence. Addictive behaviors. 2008;34:297–303. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&_method=list&_ArticleListID=859210863&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=b506dc9544acee6fe7c46e5454c64ffb
  182. Lawn S. Systematic barriers to quitting smoking among institutionalised public mental health service populations: a comparison of two Australian sites. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 2004;50:201–15. Available from: http://isp.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/50/3/204
  183. Feldner M, Smith R, Babson K, Sachs-Ericsson N, Schmidt N and Zvolensky M. Test of the role of nicotine dependence in the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder and panic spectrum problems. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 2009;22:36–44. Available from: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/121663908/PDFSTART?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0
  184. Aubin HJ. Management of emergent psychiatric symptoms during smoking cessation. Current Medical Research and Opinion. 2009;25:519–25. Available from: http://www.informapharmascience.com/doi/abs/10.1185/03007990802707600
  185. McClave AK, Dube SR, Strine TW, Kroenke K, Caraballo RS and Mokdad AH. Associations between smoking cessation and anxiety and depression among U.S. adults. Addictive Behaviors. 2009;[Epub ahead of print] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19217720
  186. Kisely S and Campbell L. Use of smoking cessation therapies in individuals with psychiatric illness: an update for prescribers. CNS Drugs. 2008;22:263–73. Available from: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/adis/cns/2008/00000022/00000004/art00001?token=003f1af1055929990441333c4a2f24416a433b316721482867444f6d4e2224b
  187. White VM, Hayman J and Szabo E. Social support, school involvement, unsupervised recreation and adolescent substance use among Victorian secondary school students in 2005. in Victorian secondary school students’ use of licit and illicit substances in 2005. Results from the 2005 Australian Secondary Students’ Alcohol and Drug Survey, Melbourne: Victorian Department of Human Services, 2006. Available from: http://www.health.vic.gov.au/drugservices/pubs/vsss_2005.htm
  188. Paynter J. National Year 10 ASH Snapshot Survey, 1999-2007: Trends in tobacco use by students aged 14-15 years. Wellington: On behalf of Action on Smoking and Health, Health Sponsorship Council and the Ministry of Health, 2008. Available from: http://www.ash.org.nz/pdf/ASHYear10Report19992007v2.pdf
  189. Farkas A, Distefan J, Choi W, Gilpin E and Pierce J. Does parental smoking cessation discourage adolescent smoking? Prev Med. 1999;28:213-8.
  190. Avenevoli S and Merikangas K. Familial influences on adolescent smoking. 98. 2003;Addiction:1-20.
  191. de Vries H, Candel M, Engels R and Mercken L. Challenges to the peer influence paradigm: results for 12-13 year olds from six European countries from the European Smoking Prevention Framework Approach study. Tob Control. 2006;15:83-89. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/2/83
  192. Messer K, Mills A, White M and Pierce J. The effect of smoke-free homes on smoking behavior in the US. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2008;Epub ahead of print Available from: http://www.science-direct.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VHT-4SYKKW9-1&_user=10&_coverDate=07%2F11%2F2008&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%236075%239999%23999999999%2399999%23FLA%23display%23Articles)&_cdi=6075&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=7&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=f854bc2c2f7bff9e9c9aa639c06997a9
  193. Pierce J and León M. Effectiveness of smoke-free policies. The Lancet Oncology. IARC Handbook Volume 13 Working Group, IARC Secretariat, 2008. Available from: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470204508701670/
  194. Albers AB, Biener L, Siegel M, Cheng DM and Rigotti N. Household smoking bans and adolescent antismoking attitudes and smoking initiation: findings from a longitudinal study of a Massachusetts youth cohort American Journal of Public Health. 2008;[Epub ahead of print] Available from: http://www.ajph.org/cgi/reprint/AJPH.2007.129320v1
  195. Siegel M, Albers AB, Cheng DM, Hamilton WL and Biener L. Local restaurant smoking regulations and the adolescent smoking initiation process: results of a multilevel contextual analysis among Massachusetts youth. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2008;162:477–83. Available from: http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/162/5/477
  196. Farkas AJ, Gilpin EA, White MM and Pierce JP. Association between household and workplace smoking restrictions and adolescent smoking. JAMA. 2000;284:717-22. Available from: http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/284/6/717
  197. Wakefield MA, Chaloupka FJ, Kaufman NJ, Orleans CT, Barker DC and Ruel EE. Effect of restrictions on smoking at home, at school, and in public places on teenage smoking: cross sectional study. BMJ. 2000;321:333-337. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/321/7257/333
  198. Dalton MA, Tickle JJ, Sargent JD, Beach ML, Ahrens MB and Heatherton TF. The incidence and context of tobacco use in popular movies from 1988 to 1997. Prev Med. 2002;34:516-23.
  199. Dozier DM, Lauzen MM, Day CA, Payne SM and Tafoya MR. Leaders and elites: portrayals of smoking in popular films. Tobacco Control. 2005;14:7-9. Available from: http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=4DEBBC5FDD8C8D8132EF
    Top of page
  200. Hazan A, Lipton H and Glantz S. Popular films do not reflect current tobacco use. American Journal of Public Health. 1994;84:998-1000.
  201. McGee R and Ketchel J. Tobacco imagery on New Zealand television 2002-2004. Tob Control. 2006;15:412-414. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/5/412
  202. Mekemson C, Glik D, Titus K, Myerson A, Shaivitz A, Ang A, et al. Tobacco use in popular movies during the past decade. Tob Control. 2004;13:400-402. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/13/4/400
  203. Sargent J and al e. Brand appearances in contemporary cinema films and contribution to global marketing of cigarette. Lancet. 2001;357:29-32. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/htbin-post/Entrez/query?db=m&form=6&uid=11197357&Dopt=d
  204. Sargent JD, Tanski SE and Gibson J. Exposure to movie smoking among US adolescents aged 10 to 14 Years: A population estimate. Pediatrics. 2007;119:e1167-1176. Available from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/119/5/e1167
  205. Simpson D. Czech Republic: film targets still in frame. Tob Control. 2006;15:149-b-150. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com
  206. Stockwell TF and Glantz SA. Tobacco use is increasing in popular films. Tob Control. 1997;6:282-4.
  207. Worth KA, Cin SD and Sargent JD. Prevalence of smoking among major movie characters: 1996-2004. Tob Control. 2006;15:442-446. Available from: http://tc.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/6/442
  208. Committee on Reducing Tobacco Use: Strategies Barriers and Consequences Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Ending the Tobacco Problem: A Blueprint for the Nation, ed. Bonnie, RJ, K Stratton, and RB Wallace. Washington: The National Academies Press, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, 2007. Available from: http://www.iom.edu/CMS/3793/20076/43179.aspx
  209. Institute of Medicine. Growing up Tobacco Free: Preventing Nicotine Addiction in Youth and Adolescents, ed. Lynch, B and R Bonnie. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1994.
  210. National Cancer Institute. Part 3-Tobacco in news and entertainment media. in The Role of the Media. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 19, Bethesda, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, 2008. Available from: http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/monographs/19/index.html
  211. Bansal R, John S and Ling PM. Cigarette advertising in Mumbai, India: targeting different socioeconomic groups, women, and youth. Tobacco Control. 2005;14:201-6. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/14/3/201
  212. Dalton M, Sargent J, Beach M, Titus-Ernstoff L, Gibson J, Ahrens B, et al. Effect of viewing smoking in movies on adolescent smoking initiation: a cohort study. The Lancet. 2003 Available from: http://image.thelancet.com/extras/03art1353web.pdf
  213. Distefan J, Pierce J and Gilpin G. Do favorite movie stars influence adolescent smoking initiation? American Journal of Public Health. 2004;94:1239-1244.
  214. Sargent JD, Beach ML, Dalton MA, Mott LA, Tickle JJ, Ahrens MB, et al. Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: cross sectional study. Br Med J. 2001;323:1394-7.
  215. Charlesworth A and Glantz S. Smoking in the movies increases adolescent smoking: a review Pediatrics. 2005;116:1516-28.
  216. Audrain-McGovern J, Rodriguez D, Patel V, Faith MS, Rodgers K and Cuevas J. How do psychological factors influence adolescent smoking progression? The evidence for indirect effects through tobacco advertising receptivity. Pediatrics. 2006;117:1216-25. Available from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/117/4/1216
  217. Audrain-McGovern J, Tercyak KP, Shields AE, Bush A, Espinel CF and Lerman C. Which adolescents are most receptive to tobacco industry marketing? Implications for counter-advertising campaigns Health Communication. 2003;15:499-513. Available from: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a785835589
  218. Chapman S and Davis R. Smoking in movies: is it a problem? TobControl. 1997;6:269-71.
  219. Males M. Measures to reduce smoking in films should penalise film and tobacco industries. Br Med J. 2002;324:1338.
    Top of page
  220. Chapman S. Vector control: controlling the tobacco industry and its promotions in Public Health Advocacy and Tobacco Control: Making Smoking History, Blackwell Publishing, 2007. Available from: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/contents.asp?ref=9781405161633&site=1
  221. Edwards CA, Harris WC, Cook DR, Bedford KF and Zuo Y. Out of the Smokescreen: does an anti-smoking advertisement affect young women’s perception of smoking in movies and their intention to smoke? Tob Control. 2004;13:277-282. Available from: http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/13/3/277
  222. Laugesen M. Has smoking prevalence markedly decreased despite more cigarettes released for sale? Journal of the New Zealand Medical Association. 2009;122:3482. Available from: http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal/abstract.php?id=3482

|TOC|next page